Great cinematography can be achieved through the use of different lenses of camera. Film makers do not just take a shot of a scene without changing lenses because every scene has lenses that need to be used. Since every scene is important, they need to be emphasized and highlighted. So to imagine how the filmmakers are going to that, it is really going to be interesting! For you to know the types of lenses for the cinematography that the filmmakers are using, you can read below the 5 types of them.
The five types of lenses are:
- Zoom lenses
This is the most frequent type of lenses for cinematography, the zoom lenses or the varied focal length lenses. Some camcorders and video cameras frequently have the zoom lenses right away from their boxes. The camera that can do telephoto or the wide-angle shot in just a push of the button it has zoom lenses. Whether you can do zoom in and zoom out in the lens, it is what you called zoom lens.
- Prime lenses
The prime lens, which is also known as a fixed focal length lense, cannot be zoomed in or out. This means that the filmmaker needs to hold the camera and stay closer to the subject or need to change lens with narrower view. If he wants wider composition, it is either he physically move with the camera and turn away from his subject or change the lens with wider view.
- Telephoto lenses
This telephoto lens can get into the details of the subject. It can be compared to the zoom lenses. The image can be optically enlarged so it can show the finer details from the object that is quite far away. The telephoto lenses are great when a filmmaker need to take distant shot and keeping their actors away from danger as well. It can create an illusion that the actor is just a matter of feet away from the moving vehicles.
- Wide-angle lenses
The wide-angle lens is opposite of the telephoto lens. This can have wider and broader view and good for filming distant objects. So if you would like to take a shot of a mountain or ocean and forests, the wide-angle lenses are great to use.
- Normal lenses
The normal lens is the halfway between the telephoto and the wide-angle lenses. The normal lenses can imitate what a person’s eyes are seeing. It is without getting too near to your subject or distorting and compressing the range of distance among the objects that it targets.
To know if those lenses will be working well with the sequence that you need to take on your film you can do the MTF testing from a MTF Testing company. It is important that there is testing that will be done to the lenses to ensure good quality of a film. The lenses are the key to a great cinematography so it is necessary to have the testing to achieve it.